How Logistics Companies Work

Posted by Port City Logistics on Jan 28, 2020 9:00:00 AM

Imagine a time you’ve ordered a package by mail. No matter where in the world that item was, it made it to your mailbox or doorstep without a hitch. In logistics, these countless moving parts are all part of a massive plan to move your goods from one part of the world to the other. These routines provide seamless routes to their destinations. Here’s how logistics companies work to move your cargo to your door.

Beginning the Shipment Process


How Logistics Companies Work


Truck Delivery

When the product’s shipping process begins, a freight liner initially handles the order. First, the goods are loaded from a warehouse into a 40-foot container. Warehouse employees bolt and seal the container and the truck leaves the warehouse. The freight liner leaves the warehouse and begins it's journey to its destination port if applicable. The containers remain sealed until a customs official opens it to check its contents.

A shipment’s destination is determined through a freight liner’s customs manifest. This data determines what port will accept and ship the product. Before the cargo reaches the port, the freight company must forward its appropriate documentation per government regulations. The ports use these documents to record what goods enter their port. Information items such as amount, weight, type, and final destination all are recorded on these shipping line records.

Shipping the Product


Cargo Ship Delivery

When the goods arrive at their designated port, cranes load the containers onto a container ship several days before the ship’s proposed departure date. As trucks arrive, the containers are continuously stacked until the ship is ready to leave. Cranes stack these containers in order of removal. Whatever containers are due to reach their destination first are the last to be loaded. 

Multiple Ports and Ships

Once ships reach the port, documentation gives port customs a complete summary of the products aboard. These documents are known as a House Bill of Lading or (HBL). The HBL contains the shipper’s information, contract information, and specific item information.

Several days before the product arrives at its final destination, the ship’s captain sends documentation to the government in the port country, describing the cargo on the ship.

Once there, the captain receives clearance from customs to dock the cargo that is left in that country. This process usually commences well before the shipment arrives. Finally, the destination port’s customs search the ship for any items illegally entering the country.

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Cargo Shipment Unloading

Once customs clear the product containers, the ship docks and begins its process yet again. Large cranes reload the vessel to replace the containers that were unloaded at the current port. This process calls for approximately 100 dockworkers that guide the cargo containers to the appropriate area.



Loading Product for Destination Shipment

The product makes its final journey either by truck or by train, depending upon on several factors such as geographical location, distance, or supplier preference. Cargo equipment will load the containers either onto a specialized truck chassis that accommodates ship containers or onto a cargo train equipped to handle ship containers securely.

Final Shipment to Stores

Once the shipment arrives at a distribution center, the product is removed from the container and sorted based on individual store orders and prepared for its truck delivery to each store in the region.


Expert Handling

Outsourcing your business’s logistics can help you navigate the countless layers of paperwork, information, and barriers. We're experienced at getting through the multiple layers of paperwork and customs regulations. The port system can be confusing, difficult, and downright frustrating if not led by an experienced professional. Our single source logistics model will be the perfect compliment to your business and optimize distribution. Whatever your logistics needs are, we’re here to create the best solution for you. We'll handle the complexities of logistics while you tend to your business's important day-to-day needs. Contact Port City Logistics using the link below to get your free quote.